All my direct ancestors had Italian last names. I'm lucky to know in exactly which small towns they were born. And that's the key to everything.
|My name of Iamarino comes from|
only 10 towns.
Some of my Italian last names (or cognomi, in Italian) are rare. They're specific in origin to a small geographical area. The name Iamarino barely existed outside of my ancestral hometown of Colle Sannita.
But some of my Italian last names are about as rare as Smith or Brown in America. According to an Italian surname search site I like to use, you can find my family names of Leone and Caruso EVERYWHERE.
It would be impossible to identify my Leone or Caruso lines without knowing where my great grandparents were born.
There may not be a word strong enough to emphasize how important it is to know your ancestor's hometown. Critical. Crucial. Imperative. Nope—it's more important than that.
If your foreign ancestors emigrated to the U.S., Australia, the U.K., etc., cross your fingers and hope they arrived at a good time. Early ship manifests didn't capture much information about the passengers.
|My name of Leone comes from a couple more places.|
I may tell you I'm from New York City, but that's because I'm pretty sure you've never heard of suburban Monsey, New York. But my grandfathers never said they were from Naples.
They were very proud of their small towns of Basélice and Colle Sannita. Both towns are in the middle of nowhere, about a 90-minute drive from Naples.
So before you begin chasing the wrong family, you must nail down that hometown.
Read about other ways of finding your ancestor's hometown in Where Did Grandpa Come From?